This publication does not constitute medical or other professional advice and should not be taken as such. To the extent the articles published herein may be used to assist in the care of patients, this is the result of the sole professional judgment of the health professional whose judgment is the primary component of quality health care. The information presented in this journal is not a substitute for the exercise of such judgment by the health professional. The opinions expressed in the Journal of Prolotherapy® are the opinions of the authors of their respective articles and not necessarily that of the publisher. The decisions on what to do for a specific medical condition or symptom should be based on the analysis by the persons private health care professional.